I used to have talks with Jackie Robinson not long before he died, and he impressed upon me that I should never allow myself to be satisfied with the way things are. I can’t let Jackie downâ€”or my people, or myself. The day I become content is the day I cease to be anything more than a man who hit home runs. …
I have a moral responsibility to do whatever I can. With all of my worldly advantages, how can I look the other way? If I did that, how could I face the people I come from? How could I justify who I am?“I Had a Hammer,” Hank Aaron with Lonnie Wheeler, pp. 4-5
The past year has taken so much from us. Numerous Hall of Famers have been among the 400,000 Americans who have died in the pandemic, and so much of our former normal life has been reft of us. On Braves Journal, baseball has always brought us together virtually, which is a big reason why this blog has been more important to me than ever this year.
Today, we lost Henry Aaron, the heart and soul of the Braves. Over the 150 years of the club â€” Red Stockings, Beaneaters, Doves, Miracle Braves â€” Henry is the best we’ve ever had, and the best we ever will. From the minor leagues to the front-office, Henry was associated with the club for nearly the past 70 of those years.
For 13 years after his retirement as a player, he was the Braves’ Vice President of Player Development, and was (sadly) one of the highest-ranking Black executives in baseball. More than that, he was around. One of my happiest childhood memories was the day that he signed autographs in a mall. My mom drove me to get my photo taken with my hero. He never left baseball, and he never left us.
The back of his baseball card is so famous that it is easy for your eyes to glaze over just how extraordinary his career truly was. I can’t do a better job of summarizing it than Mac could, of course, so I’ll just do what I always do and quote him at length:
What to say about a legend? Well, to begin, I think the Hammer is actually a little underrated. Thereâ€™s a tendency to see him as a very good player for a long time. He was a great player; he won only one MVP award but earned four or five more. From 1955 to 1975 he made the All-Star team every year; he got MVP votes every year from 1955 to 1973. His 76 Black Ink points are eighth all-time. But all those league-leading seasons are drowned out by his many, many seasons among the leaders; nobody has finished in the top ten so much, in so many different things, as Hank Aaron. Only Cobb ranks ahead of him in the Grey Ink test, and Cobb didnâ€™t have quite the breadth of contributions.
He didnâ€™t play in a basestealing era like Cobb, but he was a career 78 percent basestealer who stole as many as 31 in a season, which was good for second in the league. He was a Gold Glove outfielder who played 293 games in center, and would have played more except that the team had good glove men and could afford to keep him in right. The power you know something of; he hit line drives with the best of them, and a whole lot of those left the park. He won two batting titles and finished in the top ten twelve times. The only thing Hank didnâ€™t do was draw a lot of walks, but his isolated OBP is a little better than the league. …
Two more points of possible interest are that Aaron was a middle infielder when he entered organized baseball, moved off second base soon after (though he did play over 40 games at the position in the majors) and that at first he batted cross-handed â€” that is, righthanded but with a grip more like a left-handerâ€™s. Heâ€™s speculated that if he maybe would have been even better had he been a switch-hitter, since he had a head start on the grip. Anyway, he started hitting the â€œright wayâ€ while with Indianapolis, I believe; Bill James speculates that the early hitting the â€œwrong wayâ€ might have helped Aaron gain his phenomenal wrist strength. …
A year-by-year summary of Aaronâ€™s career would be really long, and fairly repetitive; he was great, and consistently great, for twenty years. Hitting the highlightsâ€¦ He made the first of those twenty-one consecutive All-Star teams in 1955. In 1956, he won the batting title. In 1957, at the age of 23, he won his lone MVP award, hitting .322/.378/.600 with 44 home runs, as the M-Braves won their only World Series title. Lew Burdette won three games to take the Series MVP, but Aaron was the offensive star, hitting .393 (the team as a whole hit .209) with three homers and seven RBI.
Those Braves teams were really talented, but never could get over the hump again. Hank just kept hitting â€” and fielding, winning the Gold Glove from 1958 to 1960. In 1958 he hit well again in the Series, but the team lost in seven. In 1959 he had his greatest year, leading the league in batting average (at .355), slugging, OPS, hits, total bases, and runs created, finishing third in homers and RBI. They gave the MVP to the shortstop of a last-place team, while the Braves lost a three-game playoff to the Dodgers, losing the last game in the twelfth inning. In 1963, he came closest to the Triple Crown, finishing third in batting average and leading in homers and RBI (and also in runs).
In 1966, the Braves moved to Atlanta; Hank was not crazy about this for obvious reasons, plus he liked Milwaukee. At the same time, he recognized that the different conditions in Atlanta called for a different approach, and started pulling the ball more. Heâ€™d won two home run titles in Milwaukee. He won two in his first two years in Atlanta. At the same time, he was no longer a threat to win the batting title, finishing out of the top ten when he led the league in homers and RBI in his first Atlanta season. Considered just for his time in Atlanta, I would still rank Aaron second among hitters, behind Chipper but ahead of Murphy and Andruw.
He faded a little in 1968, but who didnâ€™t? He came back strong and at 35 was the offensive star of the 1969 NL West champs, and hit well again in a losing cause in the NLCS. (In three career postseason series, seventeen games, Aaron hit a combined .362/.405/.710 with six homers and sixteen RBI.)
Aaron was just about the only Brave who didnâ€™t have a bad year in 1970. In 1971, he hit a career-high 47 homers, and at that point, with 639 homers, people started to take notice. After a bad-by-his-standards 1972, he came back with 40 homers in 1973, finishing the year with 713 homers.
Major League Baseball, then as always, was basically run by jackasses, and they decided to put the Braves on the road to start the season, the traditional season-opening series at Cincinnati. Eddie Mathews was managing the Braves and had no intention of letting Hank break the record anywhere but at home. Bowie Kuhn ordered Mathews to put Aaron in the lineup for at least two games in Cincinnati; I donâ€™t know if it was unprecedented for the commissioner to make out the lineup card, but itâ€™s certainly unusual. Aaron tied the record on opening day. In the home opener, he broke it.
1974 was otherwise pretty much the end of the road; he hit only 18 more homers and wound up with a .268/.341/.491 line, and couldnâ€™t really play the field anymore. Bud Selig â€” speaking of jackass commissioners â€” arranged to acquire Hank for the Brewers (the Braves got Dave May, plus a minor leaguer who never played in the bigs) where he could serve as part-time DH. Aaron didnâ€™t play well in two seasons in the AL.
In 1977, Hank took over as the Bravesâ€™ VP for Player Development, a position he held until 1989. He isnâ€™t considered to have been successful in the job, but the teamâ€™s actual drafts in this period look pretty good to me, and the core of the 1991 squad was largely acquired on his watch â€” Gant, Justice, Glavine, Avery, and Blauser in the draft, Smoltz through trade.https://bravesjournal.com/2006/11/15/no-1-hank-aaron/
If you haven’t read Howard Bryant’s biography, “The Last Hero,” do. It’s very good. And while it’s not a hagiography, I came away with the love and admiration I had going in. I also came away with one other thing: I learned that he actually didn’t particularly like being called “Hank.” That was a nickname the writers gave him (an allusion to Hammerin’ Hank Greenberg). Everyone in his life called him Henry, at his preference. Since reading that book, I always have.
But when I was growing up, my two favorite books were The Lord of the Rings and I Had a Hammer. When I heard the news this morning, I immediately went to my shelf and pulled out my old yellowed paperback copy. What comes through is the voice of a man who endured extraordinary challenges, vicious racism, and never lost his clear sense of conscience, demanding the best of himself, and expecting no less of others. Never willing to rest on his laurels nor to take injustice as it was, Henry helped to make a better Atlanta.
I know that the only reason anybody listens to me is that I had 3,771 hits and 755 home runs. I also know that while it’s great to help a politician and to maybe have a small part in a little civil rights strategy, my field is baseball. And that’s okay, because people pay attention to baseball. Baseball counts. It counts a lot.
Some day, I might get out of the game. Maybe even soon. But I know that even if I do leave baseball in an official capacity, I’ll still be in it up to my neck. I’ll still love it as I always have and want to strange it sometimes. And whatever I’m doing, I’ll still be trying to carry on the job that Jackie Robinson started.
I once read a quote from Jackie that speaks for me, too. He said, ‘Life owes me nothing. Baseball owes me nothing. But I cannot as an individual rejoice in the good things I have been permitted to work for and learn while the humblest of my brothers is down in the deep hole hollering for help and not being heard.’ All I can add to that is, Amen.“I Had a Hammer,” pp. 456-7
Amen, Henry. Farewell.
And thank you.
Just beautiful. Thank you, AAR.
A great man who just happened to be one of the greatest baseball players in history. Thanks for the heartfelt obituary. Condolences to all.
Thank you, Alex.
What a good man Henry Aaron is. He blessed us all.
I often find people getting worked up over celebrity deaths to be a little silly. But I couldn’t help but shed more than a few tears last hour. He was so much more than a baseball player. He did so much for the black community that, perhaps wrongly, I put him up there with Jackie Robinson in that regard. What he had to endure while simply being a great baseball player and person accomplishing one of the biggest achievements in sports is something I’ll never be able to understand. I’ve read and watched so much on this man that this loss hits home. I’m thankful I’m a Braves fan because it caused me to learn more about the greatest Brave, Henry Aaron, and the person he was. The world needs more Henry Aaron’s.
Well done, and timely!
Thank you, Alex.
Well said, Rob.
In the history of MLB, he is one of only a handful of players who transcended the game itself. Ruth, DiMaggio, Robinson, and Hank. That’s about it. To me, when I was a kid and still today, I regarded him as a civil rights hero.
By the way, if this is not yet another reason to change the name of the Braves to the Hammers, then I don’t know what would be. It seems like if the Braves were to change their name, the confluence of events going on in our world right now would make the team name Hammers a logical choice.
Can we get a petition to change the name to the Hammers going? And maybe someone needs to reserve the rights to Hammersjournal?
Sad day, but good to read all the great stories and tributes to a great man and the greatest Brave.
RIP, Henry Aaron.
To anyone who didn’t grow up with Henry Aaron (especially while he was still playing at a high level), it’s hard to fully explain what a momentous figure he really was.
AAR & Mac nailed it, of course – and big thanks for that – his life did indeed transcend baseball. And breaking Ruth’s HR record was enormous in so many ways – symbolic, athletic & more. As incredible as it may seem, the country (then as now, sadly) had plenty of people who were not rooting for him. Given our history, hitting #715 meant so much more than just achieving a record. At the time, it felt like a swing for righteousness, and over time, that moment never diminished. There’s still a lot to learn from that moment.
Of course, it was spectacularly thrilling for a 10-year-old kid like me growing up in Georgia – I still get goosebumps almost every time I hear Milo Hamilton’s radio call. I guarantee you there are a lotta guys my age who can recite the whole thing:
Had to go dig this out — in the winter of 1973, an updated edition of Aaron’s Bisher-ghostwritten autobiography (originally written in ’68, IIRC) was rushed to market. The appendix detailed every regular season home run he had hit to that point, with blank entries for the reader to fill in for nos. 714 and 715. Please forgive a 7-year-old’s shoddy research (especially egregious considering my dad was in attendance), and rest in peace to the best of all time.
I’m not very much of a Furman Bisher fan, but that’s cool as heck.
Yeah, the book read differently back then (or, rather, what did I know).
It’s sad that Hank had just gotten the vaccine a couple weeks ago.
@11 I was thinking too that grabbing domains related to the Hammers, specifically HammersJournal.com, might not be a bad idea.
‘For a’ that, an’ a’ that,
A Man’s a Man for a’ that.’
Around that time, a family friend had an RCA/Magnavox TV dealership in Columbus & she entered me into the “Magnavox Hank Aaron 715 Club,” so I got all this stuff from them:
That poster was on my wall for a couple years. Amazing photo, huh?
“Move over Babe, here comes Henry…”
That’s a beauty.
Was Hank the second-most influential civil rights hero in the history of baseball?
I like Hank as much as anybody, but I’m not ready to name the team after him.
Thanks Alex. The man for the moment.
I wrote about my encounter with Mr. Aaron here: https://bravesjournal.mystagingwebsite.com/2013/02/01/august-2nd-1973-by-rusty-s/
@16 I read that he got vaccinated in order to prove to skeptical African Americans that the vaccination was safe. The last thing I read is he died from a massive stroke. Coming so soon after the vaccination, I’m really hoping that no one interprets a connection. I also hope there really is no connection. It would possibly have the opposite effect of what he intended.
I also think AARs piece is great especially with the quotes. The only bone I’d have to pick is Mac indicating that .268/.341/.491 was a bad year. It would be a perfectly cromulent year for 90% of the players in the game – still an OPS+ of 128. I think, though, it proves even more how great Aaron was that it’s considered a bad year. An OPS+ of 128 was his lowest OPS+ since his rookie season. THAT is amazing. The year before (age 39) he had a 1.045 OPS and 40HRs.
Hammer Talk… and it looks like Mr. Cothran has got some love from the Washington Post:
Maybe it’s time to put in another print order on those t-shirts?
Hey crew! If anyone wants a Hammers shirt, I’m taking the proceeds and donating it to Hank’s charity. Shoot me an email at cothrjr at hotmail dot com
Thanks so much, Ryan. I reached out to Matt Bonesteel, author of that Wapo piece, offering to put him in touch with you.
Here’s Boz: https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/2021/01/22/hank-aaron-greatness-thomas-boswell/
FYI, Braves Journalers (y’all can reach me via email: cothrjr at gmail dot com).
Dear lord, the Hammers shirt is exploding today.
It’s nice to know that so many people feel so strongly. We can all be proud of that, but especially you, Ryan.
I don’t want the Braves to change their name, but if they did, the Hammers is a good one.
Shockingly, I am also anti-name change…
I’m pretty sure Hank Aaron himself would say “keep the team named the Braves.”
I don’t know what he’d want other than the opinions he expressed while he was with us.
Here’s an idea:
Olney confirms the Braves were in Springer’s orbit just in case he didn’t get a suitable long-term deal.
Thank you Alex. Yes, Henry is the greatest Brave and was just a great man. No comparison in the sport in my opinion. Growing up with Henry Aaron in your consciousness almost every day made for a great childhood. Henry over Barry all day and every way. Baseball may mark the death of Barry Bonds but it will never mourn his passing
AA: I’d like to sign Springer, Ozuna, or Brantley.
LM: Best I can do is a Kung Fu Panda.
Gosh, can we at least resign Duvall?
Thanks to Alex and to Mac for the wonderful words about Mr. Aaron.
I’ve never been one to idolize sports stars. There have been plenty that I enjoy watching and some I admire but I’ve always tried to keep them in perspective.
But there is one big exception in my life. I was ten when the Braves moved to Atlanta and of course Aaron was the big star. I became a huge fan and that never faded over the years. He was the greatest player ever and a wonderful human being.
Here’s how big a fan I am: when my wife heard the news on Friday, she said she was concerned about me because, other than her and our kids and grandkids, she’s not sure there is anyone I have more positive feelings about. A bit of a stretch, but not much.
Some time back on here I wrote about my one in-person encounter with him. It was in 2015, fifty years after I first became enthralled with him. He could not have been more gracious to me. I’m afraid I became a more unabashed fanboy since then.
Clearly, Panda is/was done. I mean come on.
If he’s anything more than a batting coach in a uniform, I shall have no choice but to be upset.
C’mon Alex, he can be a lot more than that…. like maybe a weather balloon.
But look at it this way: if the Braves break from spring training and Pablo Sandoval is the answer to any on-field question, the million dollars will be pretty cheap.
Anyone want to start a pool on the date for the first Pablo Sandoval “best shape of his life” article? My guess is March 17.
@45 JonathanF, I had a thought this morning that might be your cup of tea if you’re looking for some new numbers to crunch. Someone over on another site was making fun of AA and the Braves for their one-year offers to players, and pretty much everyone knows now that the Braves don’t like to go long term with most players (Acuna, Albies, W. Smith being exceptions). My thought is that today’s league is simply fragile, and the numbers probably support why AA doesn’t acquire players on long term contracts. Basically, what are the odds of a team signing a player to a n-year contract and getting n years of similar or better play from them where n=(2, 3, 4, 5…). Would be really interesting to see the basic success/fail rate of these deals given the increased regularity of players missing a bunch of time or having dramatic dips in their productivity.
@47 If they are good, high. If they are not, low.
Pablo Freaking Sandoval, I mean that’s just silly. He hasn’t been good in 5 years. Has ZERO athletic ability.
It’s just the principle of it.
There have been some studies of this, DS, but I can’t do one because my standard data sources don’t have contract lengths in them. If I were an academic (or somebody wanted to pay me to augment my data) it’s a great idea.
Krautman, Anthony & Oppenheimer, Margaret. (2002). Contract Length and the Return to Performance in Major League Baseball. Journal of Sports Economics. 3. 6-17. 10.1177/1527002502003001002.
Stankiewicz, Katie (2009) “Length of Contracts and the Effect on the Performance of MLB
Players,” The Park Place Economist: Vol. 17
Available at: http://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/parkplace/vol17/iss1/17
Great expectations: An analysis of major league baseball free agent performance
Sean L. Barnes Margrét V. Bjarnadóttir
First published: 29 June 2016 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/sam.11311
Hagan, Briton A.. “Characteristics and Success of Long-Term Contracts in Major League Baseball.” (2017). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/educ_hess_etds/83
The data in the last study is particularly interesting. If I were really looking for a project, I’d probably start with that.
@49 Thanks JonathanF. Those links are a gold mine of great info. Love that abstract in the last link, as well. That appears to be AA to the letter…